Chess Open Game: A Type of Chess Games Openings

An Open Game, or also known as the Double King Pawn game, is a type of chess openings which starts with White moves. Commonly, chess players begin by advancing their king’s pawns by two spaces or known as the 1.e4, which is the oldest type of chess opening. This is the most famous opening strategy and it features many strengths: it can instantly wore on repressing the central space and it frees the queen and a bishop. However, 1.e4 puts a pawn on an unprotected area and weakens d4 and f4. An open game occurs when the Black reflects the strategy of the White.

The second most known strategy for White is the 2.fN3 which strikes the king’s pawn of the Black, prepares for a castle in the kingside, and anticipates the forward move of the queen pawn to d4. The most popular response of the Black is 2…Nc6, which commonly results to Ruy Lopez or 3.Bb5, Italian Game or 3.Bc4, or Scotch Game or 3.d4. But if the Black keeps symmetry and retaliates the opponent’s central square using 2.Nf6, it will leads to Petrov’s Defense. The Philidor Defense or 2…d6 is not used because it provides a convenient space advantage for White while the Black’s place remains passive and paralyzed. The 2.Nf3 response is not also used in the master game.

The most known substitutes to 2.Nf3 are the Bishop’s Opening (2.Bc4), the Vienna Game (2.Nc3), and the King’s Gambit (2.f4). These tactics have some connection with one another, particularly the Bishop’s opening which often TRANSPOSES to VARIATIONS of the Vienna Game. During the 19th century, the King’s Gambit was exceedingly accepted. White gives up a pawn for rapid development and to get a Black pawn out of the central square. The Vienna Game also often features ATTACS on the Black center through the pawn’s move forward from f2 to f4.

The White instantly opens the central area in the Center Game or 2.d4 type but it should prematurely expand the queen after 3Qxd4, when the pawn is needed to be recovered. An option is to give up one or two pawns, for instance in the 3.c3 or the Danish Gambit. The EARY advancements of the queen in the Napoleon Opening (2.Qf3) and the Parham Attack (2.Qh5) appear to be amateurish. In fact, they are normally being played by beginners but the 2.Qh5 was used in some grandmaster competition games. Some of the rare openings and interesting moves for White are the Alapin’s Opening (2.Ne2), Inverted Hungarian Opening (3.Be2), Portuguese Opening (2.Bb5), and Konstantinopolsky Opening (3.g3).

In terms of the defense, the Damiano Defense is definitely not an ideal technique to use, even though the Latvian Gambit (2…f5) and the Elephant Gambit (2…d5) are very dangerous for Back. Meanwhile, the 2…d6 is not common in contemporary chess since it gives an effortless space advantage to the White while the Black stays solid but is controlled and inactive.

The open games has various variations, this include Portuguese Opening (1.e4 e5 2.Bb5), Alapin’s Opening (1.e4 e5 2.Ne2), and Ponziani’s Gambit (1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Nf6 3.d4).

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